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heel-pain

Foot pain is a common complaint among people. It affects various parts of the foot; that is from the Achilles’ tendon to the tips of the toes. The pain varies with the severity of the problem. Some problems are just minor, but some are because of serious injuries and chronic conditions. The former is easily treatable at home, but the latter requires a physician’s attention. If not well treated, they can lead to permanent disability. See below the list of the most common causes of foot pain and their remedy.

Plantar Fasciitis

Plantar Fasciitis is an inflammation that is caused by overstretching of a ligament called plantar fascia. This ligament runs along the bottom part of the foot, connecting at the heel and extends to the front of the foot. The symptoms of Plantar Fasciitis include a dull ache combined with a stabbing pain in the center of the heel. It also leads to Achilles’ pain, hip pain, back, and knee pain if not treated. Treatment methods for this condition are; wearing shoes that will support the fascia, arch support, ice support, oral support, anti-inflammatory injections and staying away from strenuous activities that may cause pain. Stretching may also be an option for treating the problem, but only applicable at a much later stage when the pain has eased up.

Bunions

Bunions occur when the metatarsal bone (the tip of the big toe) moves towards the second toe. Simultaneously, the base of the big toe shifts away from the base of the toe beside it, resulting in the formation of a knot on the base of the big toe known as a bunion. Bunions occur as a result of wearing ill-fitting shoes or walking in a style that makes the foot flat hence bearing all the body weight. Treatment methods include wearing comfortable, supportive shoes, using orthotic therapy and limiting pain-causing activities.

Morton’s Neuroma

Morton’s Neuroma is foot pain causing condition whose symptom is inflammation of the nerve that connects the third and fourth toes.

Fungal Toe Nail

Fungal Toe Nail barely shows any symptoms at first. It is only when the disease progresses, that you will notice a discoloration of the toenail. It may turn black, yellow, green, or white. The nail becomes distorted in shape and texture and becomes difficult to trim. You also feel painful and discomfort when wearing shoes due to the pressure. The skin around the nails also gets affected. It becomes itchy, cracked, red, and swollen. It is commonly treated with topical medications such as medicated tea tree cream, anti-fungal soaps and sprays and anti-fungal nail balms.

In Grown toenail

An ingrown toenail develops when the sides of the toenail grow into the skin surrounding it. The nail curls and pierces the skin making it swell become tender and turn red. Its symptoms include; pain, buildup of fluid (Oedema), overgrowing of skin along the affected toe, bleeding, and yellow or white pus coming from the affected area. Treatment of the ingrown nail is done through the removal of the entire toenail, part of it or even its borders.