Also referred to as a robotic car, a driverless car is a vehicle that can navigate without a driver. It relies on lidar, radar, computer vision, GPS and odometry to detect its surroundings. The sensory information provided by the lidar, radar, computer vision, GPS, and odometry is then interpreted by advanced control systems to identify relevant signage, obstacles, and navigation paths. The popularity of the cars are increasing steadily and below are details of what to expect when we opt to make the complete switch to self-driving cars.
The most significant input of driverless cars will be reduced traffic collisions on the roads that is related to human driver errors. The navigating system of the robotic vehicles will not suffer from tailgating, rubber necking, slow reaction times and other forms of aggressive and distracted driving. Car transport will probably be the safest means of travel. With the reduced collisions, vehicle insurance will lose its significance thus it will no longer be needed. The insignificance of the insurance will be further escalated by the reduced theft cases that will prevail due to the increased intelligence of the cars.
Businesses will also benefit significantly in some ways. Perhaps the most apparent will be a reduction in labor costs. There will be no need to hire drivers since they will no longer be needed. The trust that it accorded to the computer technology will also lead to a lift in the speed limit. The higher speed limit will mean that merchandise will be getting to customers much faster, thus one car can make several trips in a day significantly increasing efficiency and ultimately trade. The business employees will also cut on their commuting hours leading to increased time for leisure or work productivity, both benefiting the company. A well-rested employee tends to be more productive.
The local governments will also benefit from the switch as it will be able to save costs. Traffic police will lose significance since the vehicles are formatted to observe all traffic rules. Reduction in traffic police will see either budget cuts on the force or more focus on other crimes. In relation to the formatting of the vehicle, there will also be a need to reduce the safety gaps on the road. This will significantly reduce congestion and consequently increase roadway capacity. The increased road capacity will lead to a decreasing need to expand roads hence a significant drop in the road expansion budget.
There will also be some negatives that will result from the use of robotic cars. The most probable would be liability being placed on the software or manufacturer in case of any misfortunes. Other negatives include; loss of jobs for drivers and traffic police, resistance by people to give up control of their cars, and growth of inexperienced drivers, thus no one to drive a car in case it needs to be driven manually.
From the above, it is clear that the vehicles will bring more good than harm. It will be a significant step if the switch is made to the robotic cars. This move will be beneficial especially to the children and physically challenged people since they will not need any form of assistance to travel.